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2018年12月2日GRE写作考题回顾

2018-12-04 09:45     供稿单位: 青岛朗阁     责编:青岛朗阁    浏览

摘要:   2018年12月2日GRE考试已经结束,正在备考GRE的小伙伴你们想知道这次考试都考了什么吗?今天为了帮助大家更好的准备GRE考试,青岛朗阁GRE老师就为大家带来2018年12月2日GRE写作考题回顾,希望对于正在备考的小伙伴有所帮助。

  2018年12月2日GRE考试已经结束,正在备考GRE的小伙伴你们想知道这次考试都考了什么吗?今天为了帮助大家更好的准备GRE考试,青岛朗阁GRE老师就为大家带来2018年12月2日GRE写作考题回顾,希望对于正在备考的小伙伴有所帮助。

GRE Test Review
Section: WRITING
Arranger: Yeejoy Lee
Date: 12/2/2018


ISSUE
Pool Number:
75
Issue 1
In this age of intensive media coverage, it is no longer possible for a society to regard any living man or woman as a hero.
Analysis
Body1:
The intensive media coverage makes it easier for the public to realize that all living creatures, be it somebody or nobody, have their greatness and shortcomings as well. Via the Internet, such news will go viral as love affairs of a great sports player who has won 60 or more gold medals and a masterpiece of a constructor who has no access to even high school education. Therefore, people are getting accustomed to seeing the ups and downs, the feats and failures of the ordinary people or the famous ones, which keeps them from regarding each other as a hero.
Body2:
A real hero reflects the mainstreams, the value and concerns of the public and the society as a whole. Despite the fact that the coverage of media alters the attitudes quickly or even controls what the people like and dislike, it is still possible for someone to become a hero in many people’s minds. For example, people still think highly of those who try to help people in need, which makes the stranger who jumps into the river to save a girl leave a deep impression on the public. To the girl having been saved, the stranger is her hero, because she finally realizes how much her life weighs.

句型及词汇补充:
excessive use of the Internet
be it … or …
go viral
confuse sb.
blur the bottom line
be accustomed to doing
alter
think highly of
leave a deep impression on
ISSUE
Pool
Number:
124


 
Issue 2
All college and university students would benefit from spending at least one semester studying in a foreign country.
Analysis:
Body1:
去国外学习一年对大学生的知识、能力以及经验方面都有显著的积极影响。第一,国内外大学的知识体系不同。如果到国外去做一年交换生,那么吸收的知识很可能能够弥补在国内没有学习到的知识。第二, 在国外生活一年,学生需要提高适应能力,同时还需要自己独立解决问题,这对于被惯坏和没有好的生活习惯的大学生来说是很重要的。

BODY2:
但是,并不是所有的大学生都能从交换一年中获得好处。首先,正是由于教育体系的不同,很多大学生出国之后知识会出现断层,导致对于专业知识的掌握不够,反而会影响学习;其次,去了国外之后,很多人是需要花几个月的时间来适应国外的生活,但出去学习的时间只有一年,几个月的适应时间相对来讲有些长,很耽误这些大学生的时间;除此之外,很多专业,比如生物、医学、计算机等,会有国外大学讲的知识不够深入的情况,因为考虑到核心知识和技术的问题,因此其实去国外上学对于这些专业的学生来讲并没有太大用处。


ISSUE
Pool Number:
61
Issue 3
People should undertake risky action only after they have carefully considered its consequences.
Analysis
BODY1:
做事之前先预估后果,这是理性的人的本能。因为如果不进行后果的预估,当未来出现问题时,人们会陷入痛苦和自责当中,并且会付出无谓的代价。

BODY2:
但是,人类不是完全理性的,有时候感性大于理性。另外,人们不可能获得所有完整的信息,这就使得人们几乎很难百分百对一个有风险的行为的后果进行准确的估计。行为的风险度越高,其后果难以预料的程度越大。如果凡事都要先考虑后果,人类就裹足不前。对个人来说,如果结果不明,要做的事情就一再犹豫要不要行动,那么一生就可能碌碌无为。

句型与词汇补充:
take … into account/consideration
be born with = inborn = innate = instinct
be stuck in = be buried in = be indulged in
at the cost of = at the expense of
sacrifice … in exchange for
rational
emotional
the more risky the action is, the more difficult it is to foresee its consequences.


ARGUMENT
Pool
Number:
24
Argument 1
A recently issued twenty-year study on headaches suffered by the residents of Mentia investigated the possible therapeutic effect of consuming salicylates. Salicylates are members of the same chemical family as aspirin, a medicine used to treat headaches. Although many foods are naturally rich in salicylates, food-processing companies also add salicylates to foods as preservatives. The twenty-year study found a correlation between the rise in the commercial use of salicylates and a steady decline in the average number of headaches reported by study participants. At the time when the study concluded, food-processing companies had just discovered that salicylates can also be used as flavor additives for foods, and, as a result, many companies plan to do so. Based on these study results, some health experts predict that residents of Mentia will suffer even fewer headaches in the future.
 
Fallacies:
1. 作者提到了一项为时20年的研究。但是我们不清楚有多少人参与了这项调查,这些调查对象是否有足够的代表性,以及调查对象的选择是否考虑到了年龄、职业、饮食习惯、自身体质等方面的差异。
2. 作者说的the commercial use of salicylates与steady decline in the average number of headaches之间的相关性不等于因果关系。很有可能有其他的原因导致了20年间steady decline,比如,期间人们生活水平的改善、居住条件的提高、卫生保健设施和医疗水平的加强、Mentia地区环境和气候的变化等等。
3. 作者提到食品加工公司关于salicylates可以用做调味添加剂的发现。但食品加工公司的中立性、客观性很值得怀疑。他们有可能为了行业利益而故意做出对自己有利的结论,我们也不确定他们的研究是否经过了独立的第三方的确定和认可。
ARGUMENT
Pool
Number:
66
Argument 2
The following appeared in a memo from the owner of a chain of cheese stores located throughout the United States.
"For many years all the stores in our chain have stocked a wide variety of both domestic and imported cheeses. Last year, however, all of the five best-selling cheeses at our newest store were domestic cheddar cheeses from Wisconsin. Furthermore, a recent survey by Cheeses of the World magazine indicates an increasing preference for domestic cheeses among its subscribers. Since our company can reduce expenses by limiting inventory, the best way to improve profits in all of our stores is to discontinue stocking many of our varieties of imported cheese and concentrate primarily on domestic cheeses."
Fallacies:
1. 作者认为这家新开奶酪店的销售情况能说明其他所有店的销售趋势。但是,这家新开的店不具有足够的代表性,而且该店的地理位置、周边居民的生活喜好、该店采用的一些促销活动、去年国际国内市场奶酪的价格变动导致的居民对奶酪的消费选择等等,有可能都是去年该店销售特点的原因。
2. 作者引用了一项市场调查。但是调查的方案设计和实施过程是否按照科学程序进行、调查的结论是否客观中立可信以及调查的实施者是否受行业及其他利益相关方的影响都是我们不清楚的。
3. 减少进口奶酪的库存虽然可能在一定程度上降低这家连锁店的运营成本,但是否会导致其销售的奶酪品种的大幅度减少?是否会因此而导致顾客数量大幅度减少?
4. 结论提出的方法是”the best way“,但很可能有别的更好的提高利润的办法,比如提高员工效率、调整营业时间以迎合顾客的特殊需要、调整店面布局、加大广告宣传等。
RECAP 本次考试的ISSUE部分和ARGUMENT部分都较为简单。Issue部分的题目在5、8、10月份都有重复。

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