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2016年10月8日青岛朗阁雅思阅读考试真题回顾及解析

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   发布日期:2016-10-10 10:26

摘要:2016年10月8日的雅思阅读考试已经结束了,考生们觉得难度怎么样呢?青岛朗阁小编为考生们带来了朗阁老师辛苦整理的雅思阅读考试详情,下面我们就来看2016年10月8日的雅思阅读考试真题回顾及解析吧~

  2016年10月8日的雅思阅读考试已经结束了,考生们觉得难度怎么样呢?青岛朗阁小编为考生们带来了朗阁老师辛苦整理的雅思阅读考试详情,下面我们就来看2016年10月8日的雅思阅读考试真题回顾及解析吧~
  青岛朗阁雅思阅读名师 李园

考试日期 2016108
Reading Passage 1
Title museum blockbuster
Question types 段落信息匹配x4summary填空x4,选x552 + 73
文章内容回顾 关于澳大利亚博物馆的一种商业化运营模式,可以帮助Local Business的发展;博物馆和机构之间的同类联系,以及它如何影响博物馆展览方式的变化
题型难度分析 作为第一篇文章,第一大题就出现了段落信息匹配,给很多考生在心理上就造成了不小的压力。而且文化艺术类文章的句子比较复杂抽象。但是题目出得难度还可以,除了第一大题,后面的填空很简单,两道多项选择题也并不难选。5选2的问blockbuster有什么好处:1.让博物馆有钱修理建筑 2.带动当地经济发展;7选3的问坏处:1.花钱多 2.工作人员工作量增大 3. 影响展品内容
题型技巧分析 对于段落信息匹配题,一般的解题步骤如下:
1.  阅读该题型里的所有题目,理解句意并划出各道题中的keywords;
2.  尝试预测各个keywords有可能出现的同义替换方式,并尽量记住;
3.  接着去看本篇的其他题型;
4.  从头开始逐段阅读原文,在解答其他题型的过程中,查找相应段落里是否有上面第2步的内容。
这种解题方法要求考生具备的能力,一是快速查找信息,二是充分理解同义替换,三是学会预测可能出现的答案。
剑桥雅思推荐原文练习 9 Test4 Passage3 the development of museum
Reading Passage 2
Title parental involvement
Question types 是非无判断,人名观点配对,单选(主旨)
文章内容回顾 关于父母参与学校教育是否有实际作用,不同的专家意见不一;以及学校管理模式的变化等。
全世界很多国家都觉得parental involvement很重要。在加拿大虽然没有明确的法律规定,但是parental involvement还是增多了,因为科技发展了使得沟通更方便了(M & A两个学者的研究结果)。在美国,parental involvement很流行,Epstein学者说parental involvement有助于提高成绩。在美国和UK,社会低的家长比其他的家长参加孩子教育的机会少并分析了原因(某一个学者提出)。然而某一个学者提出parental involvement意义的评估系统不够完全,没有显示出其真正的作用。最后作者自己说这么少得证据不能说明parental involvement in education is the causal improvement in students' performance.
题型难度分析 本篇难度中等,据考生反应,感觉判断题略难。考生解答时要合理安排正序题和乱序题,尽量同时进行,这样可以保证文章从头到尾浏览一遍和精读部分的前提下做完所有题目,节省时间。
题型技巧分析 判断题是每次必考题型,有序且考察细节信息,解题时注意定位词和考点词。定位词一般选取首字母大写的专有名词、数字类、特殊符号和字体类、怪异生僻词和具体名词;考点词则包括比较结构、因果关系、数字数量、修饰性成分、比较级最高级、绝对词等等。审题时注意区分YES/NO 还是TRUE/FALSE,注意同义替换在这类题型中的运用
剑桥雅思推荐原文练习 5 Test3 Passage1 Early Childhood Education
Reading Passage 3
Title Musician: Talent vs. Practice
Question types 单选x4, 是非无判断x6, Summary选词填空x4
文章内容回顾 第三篇讲音乐家是怎么炼成的,是靠天赋还是练习。 整体而言比较简单。文章大概分几个部分,先提出疑问,然后讲了两个关于音乐家大脑结构跟正常人不同的例子,但是无法知道是天生就不同还是练习使大脑发生了变化。接着讲了一个实验,说把一群学音乐的学生分成两组,一组是比较有天赋的,一组是比较普通的,经过几年后,发现最成功的是练习最多,而不是有天赋的。接着从认知神经学的角度谈到只要练习时间在10,000小时以上,就能成为任何一个方面的大师。接下来一段讲人的大脑需要经过这么长时间的训练才行,支持上一段观点。最后一段讲有人拿莫扎特的例子来反对10,000h理论,作者再次反驳说,莫扎特的第一个交响乐是在8岁而不是4岁时写的,并且这个交响乐不受待见,而且他有一个很彪悍的老爸给他训练,并且假若他从2岁开始学习,那么到8岁也差不多有10,000h。
相关英文原文阅读 The Mozart Effect
A  Music has been used for centuries to heal the body. In the Ebers Papyrs (one of the earliest medical documents, circa 1500 B.C.), it was recorded that physicians chanted to heal the sick (Castleman, 1994). In various cultures, we have observed singing as part of healing rituals. In the world of Western medicine, however, using music in medicine lost popularity until the introduction of the radio. Researchers then started to notice that listening to music could have significant physical effects. Therapists noticed music could help calm anxiety and researchers saw that listening to music could cause a drop in blood pressure. In addition to these two areas, music has been used with cancer chemotherapy to reduce nausea, during surgery to reduce stress hormone production, during childbirth, and in stroke recovery (Castleman, 1994 and Westley, 1998). It has been shown  to decrease pain as well as enhance the effectiveness of the immune system. In Japan, compilations of music are used as medication, of sorts. For example, if you want to cure a headache or migraine, the album suggested Mendelssohn's "Spring Song," Dvorak's "Humoresque," or part of George Gershwin's "An American in Paris" (Campbell, 1998). Music is also being used to assist in learning, in a phenomenon called the Mozart Effect.
B   Frances H. Rauscher, Ph.D., first demonstrated the correlation between music and learning in an experiment in 1993. His experiments indicated that a 10- minute dose of Mozart could temporarily boost intelligence. Groups of students were given intelligence tests after listening to silence, relaxation tapes, or Mozart's     Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major for a short time. He found that after silence, the average IQ score was 110, and after the relaxation tape, scores rose a point. After listening to Mozart, however, the scores jumped t0 119 (Westley, 1998). Even students who did not like the music still had an increased score on the IQ test. Rauscher hypothesized that "listening to complex, non-repetitive music, like Mozart, may stimulate neural pathways that are important in thinking" (Castleman, 1994).
The same experiment was repeated on rats by Rauscher and Hong Hua Li from Stanford. Rats also demonstrated enhancement in their intelligence performance. These new studies indicate that rats that were exposed to Mozart showed" increased gene expression of BDNF (a neural growth factor), CREB (a learning and memory compound), and Synapsin I (a synaptic growth protein) in the brain's hippocampus, compared with rats in the control group, which heard only white noise (e.g. the whooshing sound of a radio tuned between stations).
D   How exactly does the Mozart effect work? Researchers are still trying to deter- mine the actual      mechanisms for the formation of these enhanced learning pathways. Neuroscientists suspect that music can actually help build and strengthen connections between neurons in the cerebral cortex in a process similar to what occurs in brain development despite its type. When a baby is born, certain connections have already been made - like connections for heartbeat and breathing. As new information is learned and motor skills develop, new neural connections are formed. Neurons that are not used will eventually die while those used repeatedly will form strong connections. Although a large number of these neural connections require experience, they also must occur within a certain time frame. For example, a child born with cataracts cannot develop connections within the visual cortex. If the cataracts are removed by surgery right away, the child's vision develops normally. However, after the age of 2, if the cataracts are removed, the child will remain blind because those pathways cannot establish themselves. 
E   Music seems to work in the same way. In October ofigg7, researchers at the University of Konstanz in Germany found that music actually rewires neural circuits (Begley, 1996). Although some of these circuits are formed for physical skills needed to play an instrument, just listening to music strengthens connection used in higher-order thinking. Listening to music can then be thought of as "exercise" for the brain, improving concentration and enhancing intuition.
F  If you're a little skeptical about the claims made by supporters of the Mozart Effect, you're not alone. Many people accredit the advanced learning of some children who take music lessons to other personality traits, such as motivation and persistence, which is required in all types of learning. There have also been claims of that influencing the results of some experiments.
G  Furthermore, many people are critical of the role the media had in turning an isolated study into a trend for parents and music educators. After Mozart Effect was published to the public, the sales of Mozart CDs stayed on the top of the hit list for three weeks. In an article by Michael Linton, he wrote that the research that began this phenomenon (the study by researchers at the University of California Irvine) showed only a temporary boost in IQ, which was not significant enough to even last throughout the course of the experiment. Using music to influence intelligence was used in Confucian civilization and Plato alluded to Pythagorean       music when he described is ideal state in The Republic. In both of these examples, music did not have caused any overwhelming changes, and the theory eventually died out. Linton also asks, "If Mozart's Music were able to improve health, why was Mozart himself so frequently sick? If listening to Mozart's music increases intelligence and encourages spirituality, why aren't the world's smartest and most spiritual people Mozart specialists?" Linton raises an interesting point, if the Mozart effect causes such significant changes, why isn't there more document evidence?
H  The "trendiness" of the Mozart Effect may have died out somewhat, but there are still strong supporters (and opponents) of the claims made in 1993. Since that initial experiment, there has not been a surge of supporting evidence. However, many parents, after playing classical music while pregnant or when their children are young, will swear by the Mozart Effect. A classmate of mine once told me that listening to classical music while studying will help with memorization. If we approach this controversy from a scientific aspect, although there has been some evidence that music does increase brain activity, actual improvements in learning and memory have not been adequately demonstrated.
题型难度分析 最后一篇文章比较简单,三种题型(单选、判断、填空)均属于有顺序的题型,考生可以采用平行阅读法将其顺利解出。其中需要注意的是,本篇属于论述类文章,解答时注意判断题问的是YES / NO / NOT GIVEN,考生在考试时要注意审题。
题型技巧分析 Summary是填空类题型中出现频率最高的一种,看似繁杂,实际上掌握技巧就能轻松解决。解题要点包括:一、定位,读题时划出句中定位词和逻辑联系词,回到原文扫读定位,二、预测,分析题目句子,判断所填空格属于何种词性,充当哪种成分。三、同义替换,空格左右的部分通常都会和原文进行同义替换。对于这种基本有序且考察细节信息的题目,解题时注意顺序性,语法性及字数要求,把握技巧就可以轻松应对。
剑桥雅思推荐原文练习 8 Test3 Passage2 The Nature of Genius
考试趋势分析和备考指导:
本次阅读考题与2011年9月24日考题相同。
考试难度适中,但不少考生反映时间紧张,主要是由于第一篇出现了段落信息匹配题(而且包括NB情况),耗费较长时间。教师应指导考生在备考时注意时间的把握。
题型方面仍然是主流题型占据重要比例,尤其是匹配和判断两种题型。教师应提醒和指导学生做好主流题型的针对性练习和应考策略。    

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